Treatments for Eczema and Atopic Dermatitis

 Eczema and atopic dermatitis can be very uncomfortable and unsightly. If you have one of these skin conditions, Mirage Medical Group can assist you in attaining clear, smooth, and itch-free skin. 


Eczema, which is commonly known as atopic dermatitis, can be divided into two main forms–nummular eczema and dyshidrotic eczema. This condition usually starts in early childhood in the form of a red, dry rash as well as itching. 

 Nummular eczema typically takes a round form, while dyshidrotic eczema first appears with small blisters on the feet and hands. 


Nummular Eczema                                                   Dyshidrotic Eczema

Signs and Symptoms


Eczema can affect infants as young as two or three months old, usually beginning as an itchy, red, dry rash on the face and scalp areas. In children aged two years and older, it is more prevalent on the neck, wrists, ankles and creases of the knees and elbows. Eczema in older children is often bumpy in texture and can frequent scratching causes skin thickening. 


Atopic Dermatitis is rare in adults who did not have the condition as children. It usually presents in adults as a dry, scaly rash on the face, trunk, and in joint creases. 


Diagnosis and Treatment


Diagnosing eczema can usually be carried out through evaluation of clinical symptoms; but the skin can also be biopsied to identify the specific type of eczema.


Treatment programs are tailored around the type of eczema as well as individual patient needs. They are aimed at reducing inflammation, itching, flare-ups, and infection. Common approaches include topical creams and ointments, skin hydration counseling, and occasionally oral antibiotics.


Follow up and Outcomes


Eczema currently has no cure, but it can be well-managed with the right treatment options. Outruling other conditions, such as hay fever, asthma, and food allergies, can be achieved through allergy testing. 


Genetics can be the underlying cause of eczema; however, it is not a contagious condition.