Treatments for Dyschromia
Dyschromia is irregular pigmentation of the skin .Pregnancy, hormonal changes,use of birth control pills, solar damage, fungal infections and some autoimmune diseases can cause irregular pigmentation of the skin. We can treat these conditions successfully in our practice.
Dyschromia is an alteration of color on the skin, hair or nails. The color of the skin is dependent on how many melanocytes a person has. Hypopigmentation and hyperpigmentation are used to describe light or dark patches on the skin. Melasma is often a diagnosis of dark patches, whereas Vitiligo typically is a diagnosis of patches without any pigment, sometimes with darker rim around.
Signs and Symptoms
Dyschromia presents as single or multiple light or dark patches on the skin. Usually there are no symptoms with dyschromia, though in certain cases patients may experience itching.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis is made by clinical examination and patient history. Hypopigmentation such as vitiligo can start as one patch and grow into multiple patches or even whole areas of light skin, sometimes affecting the whole body. Light patches on the skin could also be part of eczema (pityriasis alba) or a fungal infection (tinea versicolor). Each condition has different treatments so examination with provider is mandatory for diagnosis.
Hyperpigmentation can be triggered by hormonal changes associated with pregnancy and birth control pills, or related to other genetic predispositions. There are many topical creams that help this condition like hydroquinone based as well as skin brighteners that help inhibit melanin production while promoting a more even and flawless skin tone. Chemical peels and laser treatments are very efficacious as well. They are administered usually as an addition to your personalized skin care regimen or may be recommended as an initial treatment for more severe cases based on decision that you and provider reach. .
Follow up and Outcomes
Dyschromia treatment with peels and medications
Beside topical treatments for dyschromia, and for prevention of recurrence of dyschromia, proper sun screen use is extremely important. We recommend using a sunscreen, which provides broad-spectrum protection from both UVA and UVB rays with no chemical sun fillers, such as Antiphotoaging SPF 50. It contains the FDA approved physical blocker Zinc Oxide to reflect light away from the skin and very high level of antioxidants that are independently protective against free radicals UVA s and Infrared harmful rays
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